Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure used for removing a healthy kidney from a live/Deceased donor (meaning Brain dead) for transplanting it into a person whose kidneys fail to function. It is a common alternative to lifetime dialysis, which is often the treatment of major kidney failure. In the case of end-stage kidney disease, both kidneys of the diseased person stop functioning, needing a transplant.
The symptoms of kidney-related issues vary from person to person and can occur at different stages.
Some early signs may include decreased urine output, swelling in legs or feet, Morning facial puffiness, fatigue, shortness of breath, Anorexia, generalized weakness, confusion, raised blood pressure or irregular heartbeat etc.
End-stage kidney disease is caused by various factors including diabetes, hypertension, long-term blockage of the urinary tract due to kidney stones, vesicoureteral reflux (when urine flows into your kidneys), congenital abnormalities, etc.
There are two essential ways of treatment for ‘kidney failure’ – either go for lifetime dialysis at regular intervals or get a kidney transplant.
The procedure makes use of four ports to free the kidney and remove it via an incision made in the lower abdomen (called as Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy). Simply put, the procedure involves implantation of the donated kidney into the lower abdomen of the patient.
The procedure is suited for all age groups below 65 years or if at least 5 years of life expectancy, provided the patient is healthy enough to go for such kind of surgery. Prior to the decision of a kidney transplant, a thorough medical evaluation is conducted to assess the possible difficulties during or after surgery.
The choice of treatment depends greatly on the availability of a donor. Experts suggest that early transplant is associated with better post-surgery health and faster recovery. Patients can return to work earlier and have a better life quality post-surgery.
After a kidney transplant, one must get extra cautious about the ‘follow-up’ care required. For the kidney transplant to be successful, Immunosuppression medicines to be taken on a timely basis, regular health checkups, blood tests with your kidney transplant specialist is a must. Frequency of these checkups reduces over time with the right dosage of anti-rejection medication.
It is natural for transplant recipients to resume to a better sexual life after transplant. It takes some time for wounds to heal and once the patient has recovered, he can resume back to normal or even better sexual life. People have shown better results post-transplant. An expert transplant surgeon carefully assesses the donor with physical examinations and other tests to know the suitability.